A Bayesian Approach to Modelling and Projecting Cohort Effects
Andrew Hunt and David Blake
One of the key motivations in the construction of ever more sophisticated mortality models was the realisation of the importance of”cohort effects” in the historical data. However, these are often difficult to estimate robustly, due to the identifiability issues present in age/period/cohort mortality models, and exhibit spurious features for the most recent years of birth, for which we have little data. These can cause problems when we project the model into the future. In this study, we show how to ensure that projected mortality rates from the model are independent of the arbitrary identifiability constraints needed to identify the cohort parameters. We then go on to develop a Bayesian approach for projecting the cohort parameters, which allows fully for uncertainty in the recent parameters due to the lack of information for these years of birth, which leads to more reasonable projections of mortality rates in future.
Keywords: Mortality modelling, age/period/cohort models, identification issues, projection, consistency, cohort parameters.